Cambridge Vol7

General History of Africa/Volume 7/From 1905 to 1940

The Cambridge History of Africa.
Volume 7, From 1905 to 1940

A. D. Roberts, ed. 1986. 29 maps 5 tables 1087 pages

Cambridge History of Africa. Volume 7

By 1905 most of Africa had been subjected to European rule; in the 1940s, the colonial regimes faced widespread and mounting opposition. Yet the period surveyed in this volume was no mere interlude of enforced quiescence. The cash nexus expanded hugely, as Africans came to depend for access to household necessities upon the export overseas of primary products. For the first time, tropical Africa began to constitute a significant economic counterweight to North and South Africa. The impact of white rule on African health and welfare was extremely uneven, and African lives were stunted by the labour requirements of capitalist enterprise. Many Africans suffered greatly in the First World War and in the world depression of the 1930s. By then, however, population was generally on the increase, after half a century of widespread decline. Mental horizons were much enlarged especially in the fast-growing towns. By 1940 a majority of Africans were either Muslim or Christian. South of the Sahara, mission education helped Africans to challenge white monopolies of power. Literate Africans developed new solidarities: tribal, territorial, regional and Pan-African. Meanwhile, the colonial powers were themselves improving their understanding of Africa and trying to frame policies accordingly. Co-operation with indigenous rulers often seemed the best way to retain control at minimum cost, but the search for revenue entailed disruptive economic change. By the Second World War, most colonial regimes confronted not only the criticisms of literate Africans but organised protest among wage-earners and farmers, even though anti-colonial nationalism was sitll embryonic.


List of maps
List of figures
List of tables

A note on money values

by Andrew Roberts, Reader in the History Africa, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

  1. The imperial mind
    by Andrew Roberts
  2. Aspects of economic history
    by C. C. Wrigley, Formerly Reader in History, University of Sussex
    Foundations of the colonial export economy
    Production for export
    Trade and finance
    Land and labour
    The course of change
  3. Christianity
    by Richard Gray, Professor of the History of Africa, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
    Protestant pioneers
    ‘Ethiopians’, enthusiasts and prophets
    Catholic strategy and practice
    Missions and secular rulers: indigenous and colonial
    African initiatives during the First World War and in the towns
    Catholic hierarchies and colonial powers
    Trusteeship and education
  4. Islam
    by C. C. Stewart, Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Illinois, Urbana
    Colonial policies
  5. African cross-currents
    by Andrew Roberts
    The movement of people
    The means of expression
    The critique of colonialism
    Ideologies of liberation
  6. The Maghrib
    by Michael Brett, Lecturer in the History of Africa, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 1905-1914
    The First World War and its aftermath
  7. French black Africa
    by Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch, Directeur du Laboratoire associé au CNRS ‘Tiers-Monde — Afrique—, University of Paris, translated by Elizabeth edwards and Andrew Roberts
    The First World War
    The boom of the 1920s
    The depression of the 1930s
  8. Madagascar
    by J. Fremigacci, Maître-assistant d’Histoire, University of Madagascar, translated by Elizabeth edwards and Andrew Roberts
  9. British West Africa and Liberia
    by D. C. D0rward, Senior Lecturer in History, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    British West Africa, 1905-1914
    German West Africa, 1905-1914
    The First World War and its effects
    British West Africa, 1919-1929
    British West Africa, 1929-1940
    The Republic of Liberia
  10. Belgian Africa
    by B. Jewsiewicki, Professor of History, Laval University, Quebec, translated by Yv0nne Brett and Andrew Roberts
    19o8-192o: Reform and war
    1920-1930: Belgian assertion and economic growth
    1930-1940: depression and compulsion
  11. Portuguese Africa
    by Andrew Roberts
    The metropolitan background
    São Tomé and Principe
    Portuguese Guinea
    The Cape Verde islandsSpanish Equatorial Guinea
    by W. G. Clarence-Smith, Lecturer in the History of Africa, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
  12. Southern Africa
    by A. P. Walshe, Professor, Department of Government and International Studies, University of Notre Dame, Indiana and Andrew Roberts
  13. British Central Africa
    by J0hn McCracken, Senior Lecturer in History, University of Stirling
    The making of the colonial economy, 1905-1914
    Class, race and politics, 1905-1914
    The pressures of war
    White politics and economic growth, 1818-1940
    Tribal identity and the growth of modern politics, 19z0-1940
  14. East Africa
    by Andrew Roberts
    Colonial construction, 1905-1914
    The First World War, 1914-1918
    Territorial contrasts, 1818-1930
    Depression and strain, 1930-1940
  15. Ethiopia and the Horn
    by the late Richard Caulk, formerly Associate Professor, History Department, Camden College, Rutgers University
    Ethiopia, 19o5-192o
    The Horn of Africa, 1905-1920
    Ethiopia, 1920-1930
    The coastal territories
    Ethiopia, 1930-1936
    Italian East Africa, 1936-1941
  16. Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
    by M.W. Daly, Assistant Professor of History, Arkansas State University Political change
    Economic changeThe Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
    by G.N. Sanders0n, formerly Professor of Modern History, Royal Holloway College, University of London
    The Wingate era, c. 1905-1919
    Political tensions after 1919
    Economic and political conditions in the 1930s

Bibliographical essays




Bienvenue dans mon monde d'exploration et de découverte ! Je suis Ingrid Allain, une voyageuse passionnée avec une curiosité insatiable pour la riche tapisserie de la culture africaine. Pour moi, l'Afrique n'est pas juste une destination ; c'est une fascination de toute une vie et une source d'inspiration. Des rythmes vibrants des cercles de tambours d'Afrique de l'Ouest à la perlerie complexe des artisans Maasaï, chaque coin de ce continent détient un trésor de traditions à découvrir. À travers mes écrits, je vise à partager la beauté, la diversité et la résilience des cultures africaines avec le monde. E-mail: [email protected] / Linkedin
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