Cambridge Vol8

General History of Africa/Volume 8/From c.1940 to c.1975


The Cambridge History of Africa.
Volume 7, From c.1940 to c.1975

Michael Crowder, ed. 1984. 5 b/w illus. 33 maps 56 tables 1027 pages

Cambridge History of Africa. Volume 8

The eighth and final volume of The Cambridge History of Africa covers the period 1940–1975. It begins with a discussion of the role of the Second World War in the political decolonisation of Africa. Its terminal date of 1975 coincides with the retreat of Portugal, the last European colonial power in Africa, from its possessions and their accession to independence. The fifteen chapters which make up this volume examine on both a continental and regional scale the extent to which formal transfer of political power by the European colonial rulers also involved economic, social and cultural decolonisation. A major theme of the volume is the way the African successors to the colonial rulers dealt with their inheritance and how far they benefited particular economic groups and disadvantaged others. Special attention is paid in the chapters on Southern Africa and East and Central Africa to the problems posed by the continued role of white minority regimes in the Republic of South Africa, Rhodesia under UDI and Namibia. In the independent countries the limitations imposed on their options — political and economic — by poverty, population growth and the continued commercial domination of the former colonial powers and their allies, are analysed in the context of current theories of dependence and underdevelopment. The contributors to this volume represent different disciplinary traditioins — history, political science, economics and sociology — and do not share a single theoretical perspective on the recent history of the continent, a subject that is still the occasion for passionate debate, and for which the primary sources are still largely unavailable. Rather they reflect the variety of views and vigour of scholarship that have been brought to bear on a continent for which scholarly concern has itself been a comparatively recent development.


List of figures

by Michael Crowder, Professor of History, University of Botswana

  1. The Second World War: prelude to decolonisation in Africa
    by Michael Crowder
    The course of the war on African soil
    The impact of the Second World War on the colonial powers
    The impact of the Second World War on Africans
    Colonial reforms
  2. Decolonisation and the problems of independence
    by the late Billy J. Dudley, formerly Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan
    Paths to independence
    The constitutional inheritance
    The bureaucracy and the economy
    Social mobilisation
    The military and militarism
    Political leadership and political succession
  3. Pan-Africanism since 1940
    by Ian Duffield, Department of History, University of Edinburgh
    The 1945 Pan-African Congress
    The African diaspora and post-1945 Pan-Africanism
    The road to the Organisation of African Unity
    Nationalism, regionalism and African unity
    Pan-Africanism and the armed liberation struggles
    Pan-Africanism and world affairs
    Pan-Africanism and culture
  4. Social and cultural change
    by J.D.Y. Peel, Professor of Sociology, University of Liverpool
    Patterns of migration
    The growth of towns
    Changing bases of identity
    Class formation
    State and society
    Cultural change
  5. The economic evolution of developing Africa
    by Adebayo Adedeji, United Nations Under-Secretary General and Executive Secretary, Economic Commission for Africa
    The colonial economy on the eve of the Second World War
    The performance of the African economy, 1940-75
    Structural and sectoral changes
    The search for economic integration
    Africa and the international economy
  6. Southern Africa
    by Francis Wils0n, Professor of Economics, University of Cape Town
    Industrial revolution in South Africa, 1936-76
    Politics 1936-6o
    South Africa’s neighbours
    Maintaining the white republic, 1961-76
    The struggle for liberation, 1961-77
  7. English-speaking West Africa
    by David Williams
    The impact of the Second World War
    The problems of independence
    Social, cultural and educational developments
    Regional relations
  8. East and Central Africa
    by Cherry Gertzel, School of Social Sciences, The Flinders University of South Australia
    Political and constitutional development
    Economic development
    Social change
    Inter-state and external relations
  9. The Horn of Africa
    by Christopher Clapham, Department of Politics, University of Lancaster
    The setting
    The restored Ethiopian empire, 1941-57
    The peripheral administrations
    Politicisation and its outcome
    Political decay and revolution
    Regional and international relationships
    Social and economic change
    Urbanisation and education Economic development
  10. Egypt, Libya and the Sudan
    by Hans-Heino Kopietz, and Pamela Ann Smith
    Decolonisation and independence
    International relations Social and cultural change

Bibliographical essays




Bienvenue dans mon monde d'exploration et de découverte ! Je suis Ingrid Allain, une voyageuse passionnée avec une curiosité insatiable pour la riche tapisserie de la culture africaine. Pour moi, l'Afrique n'est pas juste une destination ; c'est une fascination de toute une vie et une source d'inspiration. Des rythmes vibrants des cercles de tambours d'Afrique de l'Ouest à la perlerie complexe des artisans Maasaï, chaque coin de ce continent détient un trésor de traditions à découvrir. À travers mes écrits, je vise à partager la beauté, la diversité et la résilience des cultures africaines avec le monde. E-mail: [email protected] / Linkedin
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